The sixth season of excavations was conducted between the 2-12 August 2010. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Japanese Expedition for the Archaeology of the Land of Israel and funded by was Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) (Subject No. 19251006) and (B) (Subject No. 20401036) of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, was directed by Prof. A. Tsukimoto (Rikkyo University, Tokyo), Prof. H. Kuwabara (Tenri University), and Dr. Y. Paz (Ben Gurion University of the Negev). The expedition included S. Hasegawa, T. Onozuka, G. Breger, T. Yamano, S. Gelibter, N. Ben-Ari, (Area supervisors), N. Yamauchi, Y. Iburi, H. Hashimoto, H. Hino, Y. Tatsumi (survey, field drawing), H. Nakano (photography), I. Gal and H. Oz (administration). The expedition wishes like to thank the archaeological museum of Ein Dor in which finds from the excavation are presented. Over 50 people, including volunteers from Japan and Israel and workers from Kfar Misr participated this season.
On top of the mound, a Roman structure was discovered and was dated to first to second century CE based on the pottery and the coin excavated on the floor. A number of painted plaster fragments (‘fresco’) were discovered in the courtyard of the building. Jewish character of the settlement was confirmed by a series of findings, amongst all, several ‘measuring cups’ and a fragment of ‘knife-pared oil lamp’ discovered on the acropolis.
The ‘gate area’ was also excavated. The date of the ‘gate’ is still not clear but with lack of MB pottery, a LB date is assumed. Below the LB floor, two levels of EB walls were uncovered.
At the northern lower terrace, another oil press was excavated. In addition to the newly discovered oil press in C2 area, we have so far found 6 olive oil presses dating to the Iron Age I. It seems that the oil industry flourished at Tel Rekhesh at that time.
On the southeastern corner of acropolis, a paved floor of the fortification system, part of which had been already detected in the last season, was completely uncovered. The pottery from the layer above the floor may suggest that the fortification system should be dated to the last phase of the late Iron Age.
Basic coping of remains for preservation was carried out during the season by A. Janah.